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Facts about Anxiety

Anxiety is a term for several disorders that result into nervousness, fear, apprehension, and worrying. While people normally worry or fear when there is an approaching exam or interview, but when these manifestations result into sleeplessness or causing a malfunction in the body or a reaction that is out of proportion, these manifestations have formed into anxiety. Anxiety has two forms – the mild anxiety, which is vague and troubling, and the severe form, which is seriously incapacitating.

There are specific classes of mental disorders of anxiety which are characterized by certain symptoms: Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Panic Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), and Separation Anxiety Disorder.

GAD – Excessive Anxiety

GAD or Generalized Anxiety Disorder is a chronic manifestation showing excessive, long-lasting anxiety and worry on nonspecific life events, objects, and situations. Sufferers of GAD are always anxious of their health, money, family, work, etc, they have an unrealistic fear of anything, and they have trouble identifying what that fear is and trouble controlling worries.

Panic Anxiety

Panic disorder is an anxiety that is distinguished by short and sudden attack of terror which shows symptoms of shaking, confusion, dizziness, nausea, and difficulty in breathing.

A Fear Disorder of Avoiding Humiliation

Social Anxiety Disorder is characterized by a fear of being judged by people or embarrassed by the public, such that it can manifest in the following: stage fright, fear of intimacy, and a fear of humiliation.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder which is characterized by thoughts or actions that are repetitive, distressing, and intrusive. Sufferers of OCD are particularly obsessive on cleanliness of their personal items or hands and constantly check locks, stoves, light switches.

Separation Disorder

When this high anxiety disorder is characterized by being separated from a person or a place which provides security or safety, this form of disorder is referred to as Separation Anxiety Disorder.

Causes of anxiety disorders may be derived from environmental factors, medical factors, genetics, brain chemistry, substance abuse, or a combination of these. The triggering factor of these disorders are the stresses that we bear in our lives.

Environmental factors may cause excessive anxiety and they are: trauma from events, abuse, victimization, death of a loved one, stress in a personal relationship, marriage, friendship, divorce, stress at work, stress from school, stress from finances and money, lack of oxygen in high altitude areas.

Anemia, asthma, infections and heart conditions, these are medical factors where the element of anxiety can come in. There are also medically-related causes of anxiety, such as serious mental illness, side effects of medication, and lack of oxygen from emphysema or pulmonary embolism.

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